This course offers an overview of the basic concepts and methods in English language studies. You will be shown the essential means necessary for analysing and describing real-life, as well as literary, language in a scholarly, yet practical way. Additionally, the pages on this site will contain links to exercises, tools & resources for further study.
Important technical terms will be highlighted throughout the course using the following style of colour coding: term. You will also notice that we may sometimes begin by introducing some linguistic concepts in a simplified – and maybe occasionally even seemingly (too) simplistic – way and gradually add more complexity as we develop our descriptive skills further.
I’ve just (02-Nov-2013 12:52:10) done a complete overhaul of all the pages in terms of their functionality. So, if you've been using these pages before, there should be some new and exciting features, the main one being that you’ll now be able to save almost all the exercise results directly from the pages where you’ve worked on them. The exercises now have buttons immediately below them that allow the contents of textareas to be written to dynamically created webpages that can then be saved. The main heading of each of these pages automatically includes the main title of the web page, so that it’s easier to identify the topic area of the exercise, as well as a (sub)title where you can either provide one yourself or use the one that I’ve set as a default.
A brief introduction to some of the ideas underlying linguistics.
A Very Brief History of (Western) Linguistic Thought
The order in which the core elements of linguistics are presented here is possibly slightly different from the order you find in many more traditional textbooks on linguistics. Often, textbooks on linguistics start with the sounds of language and then move on to written forms. This actually does make sense in some respect because, after all, spoken language should be seen as the primary means of human communication... However, since most of you will be much more used to thinking about language in its written form because this is usually the way it is dealt with in schools and in general in our modern literate society, it will probably be easier for you to understand many of the concepts we want to discuss here if we take written language as our starting point.
Derived linguistic disciplines are disciplines that usually employ a variety of core methods, but may also ‘borrow’ theories and methods from other sciences in order to investigate features of language use and development.
In contrast to the derived disciplines above, linguistic methods & applications do not really represent disciplines in their own right, but are auxiliary to a variety of different core and derived disciplines.